an unconditional regular payment to all citizens(Sage, 2019: 17-18)
UBI is a soci(et)al wage for the soci(et)al working class.(Fuchs, 2019: 262)
UBI is a demand that can advance the networking of the various factions of the social working class.(Fuchs, 2019: 262)
is an income that:
(Fuchs, 2019: 263)
- Is paid to all members of a society.
- Is unconditional (no needs tested, not based on previous employment, no willingness to work, no prohibition of work).
- Is paid on an individual level.
- Secures existence (it is not set below the subsistence level).
- Includes health insurance.
- Has the effect of the top-down redistribution of wealth from corporations and the rich to the working class and the poor.
is a concept intended to tackle the problem of redistributing wealth within a welfare state setting, providing citizens (or residents) of a nation a regular basic monetary transfer without preconditions on an equal basis(Obinger, 2014: 141)
an instrument to empower citizens to freely decide whether and how to spend their time on wage labor, and thus as a policy to promote more self-determined lifestyles.(Obinger, 2014: 143)
a term used to describe a number of different proposals where the state would provide income for all citizens, without any conditions attached, and regardless of their other resources.(Hobson & Kulakiewicz, 2022: 2)
a scheme where universal, unconditional payments provide people with just enough money to live on.(Hobson & Kulakiewicz, 2022: 2)
is an ethical, socially just policy instrument that contributes to producing longer term change that enhances the socio-economic and political security for all citizens(Raventós, 2007)
unconditional income granted to each citizen, irrespective of work criteria or a means test.(Ruckert et al., 2018: 3)
an unconditional payment granted to every individual as a right of citizenship(Rodriguez-Montemayor, 2018)
is distinct from conditional cash transfers in aspiring to be unconditional if not truly universal, revolutionary rather than reformist(Thompson, 2022: 354)
is not simply a neutral policy proposal but a dynamic discourse with performative power to shape the future of work and capitalism(Thompson, 2022: 368)
a cash transfer given to all members of a community on a recurrent basis regardless of income level and with no strings attached(Hasdell, 2020: 3)
the idea that every person or citizen, however defined, without means test or work requirement, viz. irrespective of employment status or categorization, earnings, age, gender or other designations, should receive a guaranteed unconditional minimum income from the state, as a monetary payment (i.e., weekly, monthly) with no or limited provisos as to how the amount, or the time of its payees, is spent.(Sisler, 2014: 152-153)
an income paid by a political community to all its members on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement(Vab Parijs, 2004)
is a long-standing umbrella concept that is attracting ever more attention in light of the prognostications of a dire future wherein economic inequality is greatly exacerbated by various socioeconomic and technological factors.(Chohan, 2017)
For a discussion on definitions of universal basic income see Torry (2019).
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Fuchs, C. (2019). Marxism: Karl Marx’s fifteen key concepts for cultural and communication studies. New York: Routledge.
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